H1B Visa Reform - Since the government wants to protect its job market and leave room for enough opportunities for US citizens and residents, it has stated that companies that have greater than 50 H1B employees will not be allowed to sponsor any more H1B visas. That includes refusing to take H1B visa employees who transfer from another type of US visa. That can also put a stop to H1B extensions if the company already crosses their H1B visa cap as determined by the bill amendment.
Form I 485 priority date - If you are an immigrant, this amendment will also allow you to file a Form I 485 regardless of the Priority Date. However, that is only possible if your Form I 400 has already gotten approved or pending for more than 270 days. That is a valuable amendment because it can provide you with an opportunity to file an EAD (employment authorization document) along with your I 485 application and therefore, get the chance to work in the US.
No increase in the number of green cards -There have been conflicting opinions about the increase in the number of green cards issued annually. While Senator Durbin has requested for the number of green cards to increase per year, the opposition has different views and does not want any increase. So it is still unknown whether there will be an increase in the number of green cards or not.
Green card counting method -The USCIS or US Citizenship
and Immigration Services have made it clear that the way they count green cards will remain the same. That means, the family of an I 140 applicant will not get counted as a whole and each dependent will have to file a separate green card application.
The quota for family-based green cards -The current family-based per country visa restrictions are at 7%. That will increase to 15% if the bill gets passed. In other words, a quota of 15% of all green card applicants allowed annually will be able to come from one single country in the family-based visa category. So if you will want to relocate any of your eligible family member from abroad to the US, the chances of an available visa will double if the bill gets passed by the congress.